Taurine is a naturally occuring organic acid produced in the pancreas
and very closely resembles an amino acid. It exists in very high levels
in muscle and is responsible for major functions such as calcium
homeostasis and electrolyte balance. Taurine levels in muscle are
subject to regulation by exercise, especially in fast-twitch fibers.
Rodent research has shown that exercise can deplete Taurine levels,
while Taurine supplementation can increase Taurine levels in fast twitch
muscle fibers. Maintaining Taurine levels is linked to increased
endurance and decreased exercise-induced muscle damage. Human research
confirms that Taurine supplementation minimizes damage and increases
endurance, in part through its antioxidant activity. Fat loss is a key
benefit (via improved lipid metabolism) of Taurine supplementation,
particularly in overweight and obese adults.